By: Dr. H. Aab Abdullah, S.IP., M.Ag.
The purpose of this research is for the concept of Islamic law on the legal certainty of zakat, the distribution of zakat, the management of zakat, the empowerment of zakat, the prospect of distribution, management, and zakat empowerment for poverty alleviation and expansion of employment opportunities in Sukabumi Regency. The method of this research is normative juridical research method. This research is not only descriptive (describing what is real), but also prescriptive (determining what it should be). Thus, this study was approached with a doctrinal approach, based on legal doctrines related to legal cases in the land sector. The result of this research is that legal certainty refers to the imposition of a clear, consistent, and consequent law whose implementation cannot be influenced by subjective circumstances. The social field of humanity has a greater percentage of zakat distribution than the economic field. To manage and empower the zakat, it is necessary to have a special institution which then known as ‘the amil zakat’, that is the person or legal entity appointed to work professionally so that the collection and distribution of zakat can run properly and maximally to 8 asnaf (the rightful person receive), they are: fakir, poor, amil zakat, muallaf, servant sahaya (riqab), gharimin, fi sabilillah, and ibn sabil. By realizing if it meets the principles of Islamic value and synergistic with skill in institutional management. The effort to bring about justice in the law is a dynamic process that takes a lot of time. By paying attention to the condition of the people who are left behind, in terms of economy, education and culture, to demonstrate the meaning of fisabilillah as one of the mustahiq zakat, a broader understanding is needed to be given the right of zakat to this group. Thus, this socialization should be able to convince the public that the more appropriate with the guidance of sharia is to submit zakat to the amil institution, and not directly to mustahik.
KEYWORDS: The Zakat Concept & Empowerment People